How to Install a Ductless Air Conditioner

Author Antonio Barone

Posted Feb 24, 2023

Reads 9.6K

Interior design of modern spacious apartment with necessary furniture and appliances with TV set and air conditioner

Are you tired of dealing with bulky air conditioning units that take up too much space and require complicated installation? A ductless air conditioner may be just the solution you need. These compact units are easy to install and can cool your home efficiently without the hassle of traditional central air systems.

Installing a ductless air conditioner may seem intimidating at first, but with some basic knowledge and a few tools, it can be a simple DIY project. In this article, we'll guide you through the process step-by-step and provide tips for making sure your new ductless unit operates effectively and efficiently. Whether you're looking to upgrade your current AC system or add cooling to a new space in your home, installing a ductless air conditioner is a smart choice that will save you time, money, and stress in the long run.

Installing cooling is surprisingly easy with a mini-split system. Here, we'll show you how to do it yourself.

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Experts handpick mini-split systems as an easy and efficient solution to cooling. The installation process is simple enough for most homeowners to do it themselves with just a few tools and some basic knowledge. First, mount the indoor unit on the wall and connect it to the outdoor unit using a small hole drilled through the wall. Then, connect the power supply and refrigerant lines between the two units. Finally, turn on the system and enjoy cool air without any ductwork required. With experts handpicking these systems as an easy option, anyone can install a mini-split system themselves for a hassle-free cooling experience.

Discover the Inner Workings of Ductless Air Conditioners

If you are tired of dealing with the bulky and invasive conventional air duct systems, then ductless mini split air conditioners might be the right fit for you. The main differences between traditional models and mini splits lie in how they work. While a standard air conditioning system uses a central location to push or pull air through closet ducts, mini split works differently. Instead, it relies on individual indoor units located in each room to provide cooling by pulling air from the room into the unit.

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One of the most significant advantages of having a mini split system is that it eliminates the need for additional ductwork. Traditional air conditioners often involve cutting into ceilings, walls, and floors, making installation a lengthy job that results in significant structural impact. With mini split acs, only refrigerant lines measuring approximately 3 inches need to be installed between the indoor unit and outdoor compressor unit.

The indoor unit consists of an individual fan and evaporator unit, while the outdoor compressor contains a condenser coil and compressor. Refrigerant lines connect these two components so that cooled or heated air can flow freely between them. Since there are no ducts involved, this type of system is ideal for older homes without vent systems or those where adding additional ductwork would not make sense.

Do They Possess Adequate Cooling Capacity?

When it comes to ductless air conditioners, homeowners worry if the mini split installation they choose will have the correct btu capacity for their square footage. A small mini split won't properly cool a large room, and vice versa. It's essential to measure your room before investing in a mini split system.

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Individual indoor units are responsible for cooling a single room, and their btu capacity should match that room's measurements. Common sizes of mini splits include 12000 btu, which works for up to 650 square feet; 18000 btu for up to 1000 square feet, and 24000 btu for up to 1300 square feet. Installing a mini split with the correct btu capacity ensures that your room stays cool without short cycling.

Short cycle or short cycling is when the system turns on and off in a short amount of time. This can significantly shorten the lifespan of your mini split systems and increase energy bills. To avoid this issue, homeowners must ensure that they have properly powered mini splits with adequate cooling capacity so that every room stays cool throughout the day without wasting energy.

Benefits of Mini Split Systems

If you're considering a ductless air conditioning system for your home, you're not alone. One of the main reasons builders and homeowners choose mini split systems over traditional ducted AC components is affordability. Typically, it costs less to install a mini split system than to add air conditioning with ductwork installation.

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Another advantage of mini split systems is higher energy efficiency. Compared to ducted systems, which can lose up to 30 percent of their heating and cooling power due to duct leakage, mini splits are approximately 20 percent more efficient. Plus, with heating capabilities, mini splits can also function as heat pumps, making them a versatile solution for single-family homes.

Finally, multi-purpose mini splits offer dehumidifying and air-purifying benefits in addition to adequate cooling. And when it comes to indoor air quality, homeowners should remember that indoor units filter the air as they work. For an easy installation process and a budget-friendly alternative to traditional AC installations designed for eco-conscious homeowners who want energy-efficient solutions that are also smart buys, consider ductless air conditioning systems like the ones available through The Home Depot's mobile app or similar products found through image search.

Discover Who Would Benefit from This Great Product

Ductless air conditioners, also known as mini-split systems or heat pumps, are an excellent option for people who want to cool specific rooms in their homes without relying on central HVAC. If you're tired of using window ACs that take up valuable space and forces air through a single room, then a ductless system might be right for you. These systems work by moving heat from one room to another, so you can use them for both heating and cooling.

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One of the most significant benefits of ductless air conditioners is their efficiency. According to Mike Smith, Senior Marketing Manager at Mitsubishi Electric, one of the most prominent mini-split brands sold in North America, "they're heat pumps." That means they're more energy-efficient than cooling-only units and even some central systems. Additionally, if you're specifically interested in heating certain rooms during the winter months, these heat pumps can move heat from outside your house into your room conversely. And with no need to have a water faucet turned on like with traditional HVAC systems, they're easy to install and househow efficient they are.

1. Pros of a mini-split system

If you live in an existing construction, a ductless air conditioner is a big source of relief. Unlike traditional ducted HVAC systems, they don't require costly ductwork. This means they're less invasive to install and can save you money in the long run. As Tim De Stasio, President of Southern Comfort Consulting in Greensboro, North Carolina explains, "Ductwork loses heat at around 150 degrees. With mini-splits, the conditioned air goes right from the indoor unit to the room." This appealing factor is because the system consists of an outdoor condenser that connects to individually controlled air-delivering indoor units through a refrigerant line and drain line. The indoor units vary in size based on each room's needs and are typically mounted high on the rooms' walls like a long duffel bag or ceiling units.

Moreover, installation is not only quick but also non-invasive with no need for extra capacity from your outdoor unit Smith says. Additionally, mini-splits offer several models that include wireless wall-mounted controllers or even smart phone apps (we've tested them!). These standalone devices allow for easy temperature adjustments in individual rooms where the indoor units live without having to rely on a regular thermostat. Whether you're looking to cool down one room or multiple rooms at once, mini-split systems are a great option for those who want efficient cooling without the hassle of invasive installation or costly ductwork.

2. Where mini-splits work well

Mini-splits work well in a variety of situations. In small spaces, they can serve as the primary system for heating and cooling. They're ideal for mild climates, and their flexibility makes them perfect for additions like finished basements, attics, or bonus rooms. Garages and workshops are also prime candidates for mini-splits, allowing you to add air conditioning without having to extend your central HVAC system.

Mini-splits also offer extra temperature control in high traffic areas like living rooms or hallways that may be difficult to keep consistently comfortable with your home's heating system. As De Stasio mentioned, sunrooms with glass ovens can easily reach temperatures of 85 degrees or higher - but with a well-placed indoor unit, you can enjoy your sunroom separately from the rest of your home. Overall, mini-splits make sense in many different scenarios where traditional ducted systems may not be practical or cost-effective.

3. Why not just get a window unit or portable AC?

While window units and portable ACs may seem like affordable options for treating single rooms, mini-split systems offer increased comfort and quality. Unlike window units, mini-splits are a system split between an outdoor unit and one or more indoor units that move air through the room without the loud compressor hum of a window unit. Additionally, the variable-speed motors and compressors of mini-splits allow for slower speeds on mild days and faster speeds on hot days, avoiding constant cycling that can lead to a massive amount of energy waste.

Furthermore, construction experts such as Mitsubishi Electric's Smith explained that window ACs must be installed in a thin wall or an insulated wall to do a great job of keeping heat energy out. However, this also means that the window unit completely blocks off the already-thin wall from outside air flow. On the other hand, mini-splits disperse air throughout the room without occupying a good chunk of your window space or blocking fresh air entirely. Portable ACs have vent hose hardware to dump heat outside but take up valuable floor space and can have trouble driving cool air into hotter rooms since they are typically mounted high on ceilings giving off a sweeping motion rather than a direct blast like mini-splits. Overall, while window units and portable ACs may seem like good options initially, investing in a quality mini-split system can provide more efficient cooling with less distraction from loud noises or bulky equipment.

4. Cons of a mini-split system

While there are many advantages to having a ductless air conditioner, there are also some cons that should be considered before making a purchase. One of the most significant downsides is the total installed cost. Compared to window units or portable ACs, ideally, a mini-split system will require additional equipment and installation costs because it serves multiple indoor units. The larger outdoor unit required to serve multiple indoor units can also be a problem for those with limited wall space.

Another drawback is that in extreme temperatures, the mini-split may feel undersized. A friend in LA recently installed a one-zone Mitsubishi Electric system and had no issues during mild weather conditions. However, during heat waves or cold snaps, it struggled to maintain 100 percent capacity due to the exterior temperature being over 90 degrees or lower than negative 13 degrees. To avoid this issue, a bigger outdoor unit may be required which can increase costs even further as well as add additional fuel or gas service if not already present in traditional HVAC systems.

The bright side is that most manufacturers now offer varying sizes and styles of indoor units, including ceiling installations and attractive things like their Art Cool Mirror line. Depending on your preferences and available wall space, you can choose from different styles that fit seamlessly into your home's decor. Mini-splits can also be hidden depending on where you decide to place them; for example, some homeowners have put them on the side wall so they blend in like a boxy rectangle instead of looking like a big stupid plastic giant lunchbox thing.

Keep in mind that installation crews often need licensed electrical sub-contractors for dedicated 40- or 230-volt service depending on whether you're installing a single indoor unit or using the 42000 BTU 5-zone outdoor unit to serve multiple indoor units throughout an entire house - these costs will add up quickly! It's important to weigh both the pros and cons before deciding whether or not a mini-split system is right for you.

Frequently Asked Questions

What is the best rated mini split system?

The best rated mini split system is the Pioneer WYS012-17 Wall Mount Ductless Mini Split Air Conditioner/Heat Pump. It has a high SEER rating, easy installation, and reliable performance.

How noisy is a ductless mini split?

Ductless mini splits are generally quieter than traditional HVAC systems, with noise levels ranging from 19 to 50 decibels depending on the unit and its settings.

How to install a mini split?

To install a mini split, first select the appropriate location for the indoor and outdoor unit, then mount them using brackets. Next, connect the refrigerant lines and electrical wiring between the two units. Finally, test the system and enjoy your newly installed mini split.

How to choose the best ductless air conditioner?

Consider the size of the room, BTU capacity, energy efficiency rating, and additional features such as WiFi capability and dehumidifying functions when choosing the best ductless air conditioner for your needs.

How much does it cost to install a ductless air conditioner?

The cost to install a ductless air conditioner can vary depending on factors such as the size of the unit, location of installation, and any additional customization. On average, homeowners can expect to pay around $3,000 to $5,000 for a complete installation.

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Antonio Barone

Writer at Celebrity Examiner

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Antonio Barone is a prolific writer with over two decades of experience in writing and publishing. He has authored several books, including fiction, non-fiction, and memoirs. His work has been featured in various publications and online platforms, garnering critical acclaim from readers and peers alike.

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